Chalazion or Calazion Is the formation of small bumps on the eyelids due to obstruction of the meibomian gland or the sebaceous gland of the eyelid. Can occur on both the upper and lower eyelids. In the case of more than one nodule, it may be called chalazia.
Chalazion may be similar toEye stye But usually doesn’t feel pain And it may be a condition that occurs after having a stye. Sometimes symptoms can disappear on their own even without treatment. But you should see an ophthalmologist if you have previously experienced Chalazia or enlarged nodules that affect vision.
Symptoms of the Chalazion
Chalazion is more common in adults than in children. A common symptom that may be seen is a small bump on the eyelid, most of which is found on the upper eyelid. But may occur on the lower eyelid or at the same time on both the upper and lower eyelids Patients may experience eye irritation or watery eyes, swollen eyelids, and may hurt to touch. But the pain may go away within a few days, or in some cases with the infection, it may also feel painful.
Chalazion usually goes away on its own in a few weeks without treatment. But may resume symptoms again A bump may be found elsewhere or in the vicinity of the original one. however If the nodules are enlarged to the extent that it interferes with daily life such as obstructive vision or has previously had Chalazia, you should see an ophthalmologist for treatment.
Causes of the Chalazion
Chalazion is caused by a blockage of the meibomian gland. Which are small glands on the upper and lower eyelids The sebum produced by this gland adds moisture to the eyes. When the gland becomes blocked Will cause the eyelids to swell and red until the appearance of fleshy bumps on the eyelids And can cause inflammation
Most of them can be found in patients with the following conditions or diseases.
- People with symptoms of skin disease such as acne, seborrhea, orRosacea (Rosacea) etc.
- People with eye disorders such as Chronic Blepharitis, conjunctivitis, eye or eyelid infections, etc.
- People with a previous history of chalazion or eye stye
- People with diabetes and other diseases
Chalazion does not have a specific test. Doctors often diagnose by asking for symptoms. A history of eye disorders Another health problem And preliminary eye examination If the patient has previously experienced chalazion, has not previously been treated to an ophthalmologist. Patients may be advised to see an ophthalmologist to determine the cause of the eye abnormality and to be treated. This will reduce the chance of recurring symptoms later.
The Chalazion may go away on its own without treatment. But your doctor may recommend the following treatments.
Self-care at home
Patients with mild symptoms or small bumps Symptoms may disappear within 2-8 weeks, and your doctor will suggest ways to relieve the initial symptoms as follows.
- Wash your hands thoroughlyHot compressBy using a cloth dampened with warm water on the eyelids 10-15 minutes each time, 3-5 times a day, with repeated compresses on the eyelids may help dissolve the fat in the congestion from the blockage to flow out well.
- Gently massage the eyelids 2-3 times a day to help relieve symptoms.
- Avoid touching and squeezing the throttle area. Especially when not washing hands
- Avoid wearing contact lenses or make-up until symptoms improve.
If taking care of yourself at home and symptoms do not improve Patients may need to see a doctor for different treatments.
- The doctor may prescribe topical ointments or eye drops to the patient. But in case of infection Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
- If the blister is very swollen The doctor may inject corticosteroid injections to help reduce swelling.
- In the event that the chalazion affects vision or the symptoms have not improved despite other treatment The doctor may use surgery to remove the bulge, which will giveAnestheticBefore surgery
If the patient recurs chalazion symptoms, the doctor may collect a biopsy sample for laboratory testing. To diagnose abnormalities around the eyes
Chalazion is generally mild and may get better without treatment. But there is a chance that the symptoms will recur again If symptoms are severe and then left without treatment The bulge may enlarge and obscure vision.
Additionally, complications can arise after surgery. Although there is very little chance But in some cases, bruises may occur. Bleeding or infection at the surgery site In some patients, nausea or sore throats may be caused by intolerance to anesthetics or anesthetics, so if the pain, swelling, redness, bruising has not improved, or symptoms worsen. Have vision problems or have a high fever, seek medical attention.
If a person is prone to chalazion risk factors, such as a history of chalazion or a prior history of chalazion dermatitis. Or other ocular anomalies, your doctor’s advice should be followed to reduce the chance of chalazion in conjunction with any of the following procedures.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your face or eye area.
- Clean upcontact lensAnd glasses before wearing To prevent inflammation or infection around the eyes
- Wash your face and remove makeup before going to bed.
- Observe and check if there is old or expired cosmetics. Change your mascara and eyeshadow every few months and avoid sharing makeup with others.