Fungal Nail Infection It is a very common disease and can be transmitted through contact. Caused by the growth of nail fungus It can occur in both fingernails and toenails. But most often occurs on the toenail. This is because the warmth and humidity of the shoes are one of the factors that cause mold to develop. Also, the toe area hasThe circulation of blood is less than the finger area. It makes the immune system traveling with the blood difficult to detect and eliminate germs. The first indication is thatWhite or yellow spots on the tips of the nails And if the fungus begins to expand Might make nails thicker. Discolored nails Thick flak under the nail The nail separates from the base of the nail. Which may notice a hollow or a gap under the nail
Symptoms of nail fungus
In the early stages, it may not be possible to notice any illnesses or abnormalities in the nails, however the abnormalities will begin to manifest as the fungus begins to spread. Caused by the edge of the nail and gradually extended to the center of the nail. Which may occur on fingernails or toenails And usually have 1-3 fungal nails In which patients with nail fungus often have the following symptoms
- Discolored nails The patient’s nails may turn black, white, yellow, or green.
- Thickened or deformed nails The patient’s nails may be deformed. Which makes it difficult to trim
- Pain in the nails Especially when pressing hard on the fungal nail area
- Brittle nails Fungal nails become brittle and break easily.
- Itchy skin around the nails Sometimes the skin around the nail that is infected with the fungus may become itchy, swollen, or red.
Causes of nail fungus
Fungi are tiny organisms that can survive without exposure to sunlight. They often live in warm and humid areas. Its extremely small size makes it difficult to see with the naked eye. And therefore can enter the body through a small incision or groove between the nail and the nail bed tissue (Nail Bed) Some fungi are useful But some are harmful to the body The main groups of fungi that cause onychomycosis are:Fungus type Dermatophyte is
Nail fungus is likely to affect people of all ages. There are certain factors or behaviors that increase the risk of onychomycosis as follows:
- Does not keep the feet clean Or walk barefoot in public areas which are damp or subject to flooding, such as public baths, swimming pools, etc.
- Wearing tight or damp shoes
- There is an area woundFinger nails, toe nails
- Wash your hands often or do tasks that keep your hands moist, such as cooking, cleaning, etc.
- Toenail fungus may be contagious to the fingernail. If the patient uses his hands to scratch or touch the feet on the affected area.
- Athlete’s foot Which is caused by a fungus on the skin around the toes The fungus can spread from the toe area to the toenail. If the patient does not treat athlete’s foot promptly
- Is a specific disease such as diabetes, psoriasis Or peripheral arterial disease
- Have a weak immune system
Diagnosis of nail fungus
Because symptoms indicate onychomycosis Such as discolored nails, deformed nails, brittle nails, or itchy skin around the nails May be caused by other skin diseases, so if nails or skin abnormalities are found. Should seek immediate medical attention for diagnosis and treatment. The doctor will examine the abnormal nail. And may scrape debris under the nail to be examined for the type of fungus for further treatment.
Nail fungus treatment
Onychomycosis is a disease that is not urgent. If there are only a few symptoms The doctor will recommend the patient to self-medicate. By focusing on keeping the nails clean, however, if the patient begins to have other symptoms such as swelling and redness around the nails. Extremely deformed nails, difficulty walking, or people with existing medical conditions such as weakened immune system, diabetes, vascular disease, should seek medical advice to prevent further progression of the disease.
Self-treatment of nail fungus
- Keep nails clean and avoid making them damp.
- Use a nail scissors to cut the nail that is infected with the fungus.
Nail fungus treatment by a doctor Divided into 3 main methods which are
- Use of oral antifungal drugs Most may have to be eaten for several months. Antifungal drugs may have side effects such as headaches, itching, decreased taste buds, diarrhea.
- Local use Patients are given topical ointments for external use. There are many types, both a solution and a nail polish. Some may be used only once a week. By applying it on the nail with the fungus
- Using other methods of treatment
- Removing nails For patients with severe symptoms Your doctor may recommend removing your nails. Along with taking antifungal drugs
- Alternative treatment Research is currently underway to investigate new treatments for nail fungus such as laser therapy. Using ultrasound Although the results after initial treatment were satisfactory. But no research has yet provided enough information on the potential long-term outcomes.
Patients with nail fungus should be aware that Treatment for the fungus requires several months. And sometimes, it doesn’t help the fungus completely disappear or restore the abnormal nail to its original appearance. In addition, the fungus has a chance to come back, so the correct diagnosis from laboratory testing. And examination results before stopping treatment Hence, it is very necessary to treat nail fungus.
Nail fungus complications
Severe symptoms of nail fungus patients Despite being treated until the fungus is gone But there is a possibility that the nails may not return to normal. In addition, nail fungus patients with low immune system. Especially people with diabetes This usually decreases blood flow and perception from the nerves of the feet. Toenail fungus can spread and cause severe infections in the feet and other organs.
Nail fungus prevention
It can generally prevent fungal nail infections. By reducing the risk factors and behaviors that may cause nail fungus include:
- Keeping hands and feet clean And avoid damping
- Avoid walking barefoot in public places on damp or wet areas such as public baths, swimming pools, etc.
- Wear shoes that are not too tight and do not wear shoes that may have mold buildup.
- Wear shoes and socks made from natural materials. Because it allows for better ventilation around the feet.
- Keep your nails short. And avoid sharing nail clippers with others
- Use clean towels and socks. Avoid sharing towels and socks with others.
- If you have athlete’s foot Should urgently consult a doctor for treatment And prevent mold spreading