Psoriasis This is a chronic skin disease caused by the abnormal division of skin cells faster than normal by the stimulation of chemicals from the white blood cells called T-cell lymphocytes. Inflammation until a large thick rash It has a silver and red appearance on the skin all over the body. This disease can occur in people of all sexes and ages.


    If classified by disease type, there are many types. But the most common are as follows

    • Plaque Psoriasis / Psoriasis Vulgaris is the most common, about 80% of the time. The skin looks like a thick red rash covered with silver. It most often occurs on the skin on the elbows, knees and scalp.
    • Guttate Psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that occurs most often in children and adolescents. It is found in about 10% of the psoriasis in patients. The skin looks like small pink spots. And may turn into a thick, red rash like the type of thick rash It can occur more often on the limbs or on the trunk.
    • Pustular Psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis in adulthood. There are white pustules that spread widely and become red and inflamed. Often found in the limbs It may spread throughout the body. Some people may have other symptoms as well, such as fever, itching in the skin, loss of appetite.
    • Psoriasis caused by the joints (Inverse Psoriasis / Intertriginous Psoriasis), red skin. Has a smooth and shiny It usually occurs in the folds and niches of the body such as the chest, armpits, groin or around the genitals.
    • Psoriasis, a type of red and peeling skin all over the body (Erythrodermic Psoriasis) is a more severe and less common type because it canHappens in about 3%. The skin will develop a large red rash and severe peeling. Make the patient feel itchy and hurt

    Symptoms of psoriasis

    Patients will have different symptoms depending on the type of psoriasis they have. Common disorders on the body such as red skin. White scaly scaly A red rash Inflammation of the skin The skin is so dry that it breaks and bleeds. Flaky scalp Thickened fingernails and feet, dimples, joint pain, and joint swelling. And it also makes the patient have pain, itching or a burning sensation around the skin. Which the progression of each type of disease is similar Symptoms can last several days to several weeks and gradually subside, but when triggered, it can aggravate symptoms of the disease. Thus causing the patient to not find any abnormal symptoms expressed

    Causes of psoriasis

    The exact cause of psoriasis has not been found. But it is speculated that the key factor in the development of the disease may be abnormal white blood cells in the immune system. Therefore destroying skin cells instead of foreign substances that enter the body And another factor comes from the inheritance of family members with psoriasis and other skin disorders. There are also external factors that can trigger the disease, such as skin injuries. HIV infection Taking medications for heart disease and high blood pressure Or stress Which these triggers will vary from person to person

    Diagnosis of psoriasis

    The doctor will ask for symptoms. History of illness of the patient and family members As well as other conditions of the patient before a physical examination and the abnormal skin area To help diagnose if the patient has psoriasis or another type of skin disorder with similar symptoms. But in some cases where the symptoms are not clear The doctor may order additional tests by taking a sample from the skin for a microscopic examination in a laboratory. For those diagnosed with Psoriatic Arthritis with joint pain, a blood test or X-ray may be required. To look for other types of arthritis

    Psoriasis Treatment

    Psoriasis cannot be cured. But the treatment can only relieve symptoms and make the patient feel better. Reduce inflammation and scaly skin. Slow down the growth of skin cells And remove the hard skin Which treatment can be done in many ways Patients with mild to moderate symptoms may be treated with topical ointments. In cases with moderate to severe symptoms Doctors may use oral medications. Drug injection Or irradiation with ultraviolet rays Treatments may be used in combination with or only one. To help improve symptoms In addition, patients should take care of the diet. Be careful about taking vitamin supplements. Avoid drinking alcohol or smoking. Including losing weight to a normal level These are all factors that can trigger a relapse.

    Complications of psoriasis

    Psoriasis can increase the risk of complications from diseases such as psoriatic arthritis. Cardiovascular disease Lymphoma Or infection The most common complications occur in patients with moderate to severe symptoms. It also exposes the patient to psychological problems such as separation from society, feeling depressed, losing confidence. Difficulty in life and activities due to the physical condition caused by disease

    Psoriasis Prevention

    The exact cause of psoriasis has not been found. Disease prevention is not yet able to be effective. But the best way to prevent disease is to try to avoid the triggers of the disease, such as trying to avoid the stress of daily life as much as possible. Some medications should be consulted with a doctor before using drugs such as lithium, anti-malaria drugs. Blood pressure medication Medicines to reduce inflammation Try to keep the skin from injury from the outside environment. If there are abnormal symptoms on the skin, you should see a doctor. Take care of your body from infection. Choose from 5 food groups in the right proportions each day.

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