Sore tongue This is a pain in the tongue which can be caused by a number of reasons. Usually harmless, in addition to annoying the patient. And may interfere with speaking or eating But in some cases, it can be a sign of an illness that needs urgent treatment.
Tongue sore can occur in one part or all over the tongue. In some cases, there may be an abnormal lump, a burning sensation, a swollen tongue, a red or white patch on the tongue.ImpetigoAlong the tongue and inside the mouth, which is caused by hot ulcers in
However, if the patient has severe symptoms such as discolored tongue An abnormal lump on the tongue Or symptoms do not improve within 2-3 weeks, should see a doctor because such symptoms may be caused by serious disease.
Causes of sore tongue
Sore tongue can occur for many reasons. Most of the obvious reasons are as follows.
- Injury to the tongue Accidental biting or being scalded with hot food can cause blistering and burning or sore tongue. May be very painful while chewing food near the area.
- lesionHot in Can occur throughout the oral cavity Mostly found under the tongue By causing pain or burning around the wound The cause may be from accidentally biting the tongue. Eating certain foods that cut the tongue, stress, anxiety Hormonal changes, etc.
- Tongue map It is an abnormality that results in the surfaceUneven tongue And a red patch with white or light colored edges all over the tongue It looks like a map. The patient may feel pain when eating or drinking certain beverages.
- Mouth fungus Oral candida infections can result in plaque or white patches on the tongue. Some patients experience sore tongue that makes it difficult to eat. It may also lose the taste buds or distorted taste buds.
- Smoking This may result in tongue irritation leading to a sore tongue.Quit smokingSuddenly, it can also cause pain in the tongue.
Tongue sore can also be caused by other but less common causes, such as:
- Viral infection such as Hand, foot and mouth diseaseWhich is a disease that causes blisters, rashes or wounds, purulent skin on the hands, palms, feet, soles, feet and inside the mouth or diseaseherpesWhich will cause blisters of clear water around the infected skin such as the mouth, genitals, etc.
- Anemia due to lack of minerals and vitamins In some cases, sore tongue Or tongue looks unusually smooth, mayIt is caused by a deficiency in iron, folate, zinc or vitamin B12 which causes anemia.
- Lichen Planus (Lichen Planus) Is a chronic skin disease that causes rashes And there may be a white or red patch on the tongue. Including a burning sensation or pain in the tongue while eating
- Pain from the ninth cranial nerve This is a nerve disorder and can result in severe tongue pain.
- Oral burning syndrome A condition that causes pain in the tip of the tongue It is often seen in patients with depression.
- Beset’s Disease (Behcet’s Disease) It is a very rare cause of sore tongue. It is a disease caused by the inflammation of the blood vessels in the body for unknown reasons.
- Pemphigus disease (Pemphigus Vulgaris) It is a very common and severe disease. The most obvious symptom is painful blisters on the skin of the mouth, nose, throat, rectum and genitals.
- Moeller’s Glossitis This is an inflammation of the tongue that causes the tongue to look abnormally flat. And may experience sore, burning, or irritation of the tongue Most of them are caused by deficiency in nutrients such as vitamin B12, iron, etc.
- Drug use Certain medications can cause sore tongue, such as: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen, indomethacin, etoricoxib, arcosia, celecosib, celebrex, etc. Beta blockers are: Carvedillol, atenol, timolol, propanol, etc. Using a mouthwash that is too strong can also hurt or irritate your mouth.
- Tongue cancer Is a less common cause Which can cause chronic sore tongue You may also feel pain when swallowing or chewing food. Have a mouth sore that is slow to heal or bleeding from the wound Some people may have teeth loosening or thickening of the skin around the mouth Tongue cancer in its early stages may not show any symptoms if a nodule or lump appears on the tongue for 2 weeks or more for no known cause. Should see a doctor
Diagnosis of sore tongue
Initially, the patient should assess the severity of the pain and observe the abnormal tongue appearance. If symptoms do not improve within 2 weeks, or have a serious effect on eating or drinking Should see a doctor for treatment
The doctor will take the patient’s history and symptoms. Including physical examination and checking for abnormalities of the tongue. In addition, the doctor may order additional tests to identify the underlying cause and to treat it accurately. Most of the patients will undergo a blood test.
Sore tongue treatment
Treatment will depend on the cause of the sore tongue.Usually, if it is more mild, such as heat in the tongue sore, the pain will improve within about 2 weeks during the time of symptoms. Patients should take care of themselves in the following ways.
- Avoid hot and spicy foods.
- Choose to eat food that is light and not too hard. Until symptoms improve
- Eat something cold, such as ice or cold water, to help relieve the pain.
- Rinse your mouth with warm salt water or warm water mixed with baking soda.
As for the sore tongue for other causes, the doctor may begin treatment from the underlying disease. This will help relieve pain in the tongue, such as oral yeast infections are treated with antifungal drugs. If caused by a viral infection, antiviral drugs may be used, etc.
However, patients should always take care of their oral hygiene. Because good oral health is another factor that may help gradually alleviate sore tongue problems.
Complications of sore tongue
Sore tongue often affects everyday life. Patients may have difficulty talking or eating. And may not want to eat Because I thought that it would make me feel more hurt than before
Preventing sore tongue
A tongue sore with a mild cause, such as a heat stroke or a tongue injury. Prevent it by avoiding foods that can cause oral irritation, such as spicy, salty foods, or high-acid fruits. And should eat foods that are full of nutrients Because some malnutrition can cause sore tongue. Including activities should be done to relieve stress.
For those wearing braces It should be noted whether the device fits in the oral cavity or not. If there is any part that may cause ulcers on the tongue or oral cavity You should see your dentist to resolve the problem. In addition, keep your mouth clean regularly. And visit the dentist for an annual oral health check Always observe abnormalities in the oral cavity. If experiencing symptoms that have never happened before or are severe Should see a doctor or dentist For early diagnosis and treatment