Vaginal Candidiasis is caused by a fungal infection in the vagina or in the vulva. Causing severe irritation and itching
Symptoms of yeast infection
Most yeast infections cause mild to moderate symptoms. But some people may not show any unusual symptoms, even after an infection. Which common symptoms such as
- Severe itching and irritation of the vulva or inside the vagina
- Has a burning sensation Especially while having sex or urinating
- Abnormal vaginal discharge may have a milky white color, like a spoiled milk, a clear water, or a thick white to clump
- The vulva area is swollen and red.
- A red rash inside and outside the vagina It may spread to the pubic, genitals, or thighs.
These symptoms can last a few hours to weeks. Or may be as long as months in some cases But can be found relatively few It has also been found that some people may have recurrent symptoms before menstruation and possibly more after sex. However, you should see your doctor if it is your first vaginal yeast infection. Your symptoms do not improve after medication. Or have other unusual symptoms as well
In addition, symptoms may become more serious if treatment is not urged. This can be observed from the site of the infection, the swelling, redness, and itching intensely causing cracks and wounds. Have pain or pain Some patients develop vaginal yeast infections more often than usual, or more than four times a year.
Causes of yeast infection
Vaginal yeast disease is caused by an increase in the number of fungi inside the vagina, causing the condition inside the vagina to lose balance. Usually, these fungi live in the oral cavity, genitals, gastrointestinal tract. Or on the human skin in small quantities and does not cause disease But as these fungi increase in quantity, infection can develop. The fungi that cause infection can be caused by multiple strains. But the species found to be the most common cause of vaginal infections is called Candida Albicans, which is a fungus of the Candida group (Candida). Rarely found, may result in more severe symptoms. And requires more complex treatment
The rapid proliferation of fungi is due to several reasons:
- Prolonged use of antibiotics Which will reduce the amount of bacteria Lactobacillus And make the pH within the vagina lose balance
- Diabetics who can not control their symptoms.
- Conditions of the body that weaken the immune system, such as HIV infection.
- Are other skin diseases brought before, such as psoriasis Other chronic dermatitis
- Taking certain medications
- Have obesity
- Hormone therapy or high-dose oral contraceptives This will increase the level of estrogen hormone.
- Douching or frequent use of vaginal hygiene products can lead to imbalance in the vagina.
Vaginal yeast infection is a common problem in women. Every 3 out of 4 women has had yeast infection at least once in their lifetime. In addition, yeast infections can occur in the pre-menstrual period. Or some may occur after having sex But the disease is not classified as a sexually transmitted disease. Because it does not cause infection to those who have sex with Including women who have never had sex may have a chance of developing the disease as well.
Diagnosis of yeast infection
Doctors can diagnose yeast infection by the following steps:
- Ask for information and medical history. Initially, the patient’s medical information is asked. Abnormal symptoms found The appearance of the vaginal discharge Have you ever had a history of fungal infection or sexually transmitted disease?
- Internal examination The doctor will examine the external features of the genitals and the surrounding area for abnormalities indicating an infection. Which some people can detect the anomaly since the observation of the appearance But in some cases, doctors may have to recheck the inside of the vagina by inserting a medical device called platypus into the vagina. To collect samples of secretions or vaginal discharge for further laboratory analysis
- Examination of the sample of secretions Often used to diagnose people who have frequent infections or if their symptoms have not improved. The doctor will take a sample collected inside the vagina to check for the type of fungus that is causing the symptoms. This will help doctors find more effective ways to treat patients with disease return.
Treatment of yeast infection
Vaginal candidiasis can be treated primarily with an antifungal drug.The dosage forms may include creams, ointments, suppositories or oral medications such as chlortrimazole. (Clotrimazole) myiconazole (miconazole) thioconazole (Tioconazole) Yabutoconazole Butoconazole, Fluconazole or Boric acid drugs should be considered the severity of the disease and the type of fungus causing the disorder. The duration of the drug will vary depending on the potency of the drug and the patient’s response to the treatment.
Patients with mild disease symptoms can purchase over-the-counter antifungal drugs. Along with self-care from home by
- Patients who use antifungal drugs applied to the vagina during menstruation. Should choose to use a tampon instead of a tampon.
- Avoid regular use of soap or vaginal cleaners. But should use clean water to clean instead
- Do not douche the vagina. Because it may worsen the infection symptoms
- If there is pain during sex Always use a water-based lubricant during sex. To help reduce irritation
- If the genital area is swollen and sore Should not scratch or rub hard, but may sit in warm water. To help relieve symptoms Or may use a cloth moistened with cold water to compress the affected area.
However, patients who are treated by buying drugs for themselves should always consult with a pharmacist. Before using the drug, carefully study the method and use the drug continuously to reach the recommended dosage. You should not stop using the drug suddenly, even if symptoms improve. In addition, caution should be exercised on certain medications that have not been clearly clinically confirmed to have antifungal activity, such as by applying tea tree oil to the vagina. Or eating garlic supplements This may result in worsening of the infection.
But in cases where the symptoms are more severe and causing pain in the pelvic area The patient is in the period of pregnancy When the first infection occurs, the symptoms of the disease do not improve. Or are concerned that the symptoms may be caused by other sexually transmitted diseases should consult a doctor. To be verified And treat it in the right way This may require a higher dosage and continued treatment as recommended by a physician. To help prevent a return of the disease, however, a recurrent infection within 2 months of a cure could be a sign of another disease.
Complications of yeast infection
Vaginosis is relatively rare with complications. In general, abrasions of the skin are likely to occur. Due to itching and the risk of easily developing other skin infections. Some patients may recur after treatment. Or unable to cure the disease completely Because the drug does not respond to the disease Which may result in other health problems
Prevention of myositis of the vagina
Vaginal yeast infections can be caused by a number of reasons. In some cases, it is difficult to tell the cause. Because each person has different risk factors. Disease prevention is thus observing the principles of hygiene. To help reduce the chance of disease occurrence, follow these guidelines.
- Choose to wear skirts, pants, or underwear that are not too tight. As well as choosing natural fabrics that have good ventilation Which will not cause damp and easily increase the number of fungi
- Do not wear damp clothes for a long time. Should immediately change clothes, such as swimwear, exercise clothes.
- Avoid using intimate cleaning products or douching more frequently than necessary.
- Eat yogurt or other dietary supplements that contain lactobacillus bacteria. (Lactobacillus), which will help adjust the pH within the vagina.
- Antibiotics should not be used unnecessarily.
- During menstruation, the pads should be changed regularly. Especially tampons So as not to be a damp source that is more of a mold.