Home Health Food infections: 1.5 million cases per year, 250 deaths

Food infections: 1.5 million cases per year, 250 deaths

Food borne infections account for 1.5 million cases each year, including more than 17,000 hospitalizations and more than 200 deaths, according to an estimate released Tuesday.

Food infections

In France, about 70% of cases and food-related hospitalizations are due to Norovirus, Campylobacter and Salmonella bacteria.

The study, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin of the Public Health Agency France, estimates the annual number of cases with symptoms, hospitalized cases and deaths for 21 pathogens (10 bacteria, 3 viruses, 8 parasites) transmitted to the man by the food, in metropolitan France, during the period 2008-2013.

The food transmission of these infectious agents leads to about 1.5 million cases (between 1.28 and 2.23 million), 17,600 hospitalizations (between 15,793 and 21,159) and 256 deaths (between 232 and 358), according to the study . Its authors believe that this level of disease and mortality “remains high”.

In France, about 70% of cases and food-related hospitalizations are due to Norovirus, Campylobacter and Salmonella bacteria.

Half of all food-related deaths are related to “non-typhoid” salmonella infections, that is, not related to typhoid and paratyphoid fever, and Listeria monocytogenes.

L. monocytogenes (Listeria), which accounts for less than 0.1% of cases with foodborne symptoms, ranks second in terms of mortality (65 deaths, or 25% of total deaths), behind salmonella (26% of the total), say the authors.

Noroviruses appear to be responsible for the largest number of cases (517,593 cases, or 34% of the total number of cases). Ranked third in the number of hospitalizations (3,447 hospitalizations, 20% of the total), these viruses rank only 7th among deaths (8 deaths, or 3% of the total number).

The weight of the hepatitis E virus (HEV) appears for its part “considerable” with 59,300 food-borne cases, including 500 hospitalized and 18 deaths, each year in France.

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