Guava is a fruit with great nutritional value and medicinal properties that guarantee several health benefits due to the fact that it is rich in vitamins C, A and B. Its scientific name is Psidium guajava, It has a sweet taste and its flesh can be pink, white, red, yellow or orange.
This tropical fruit has several antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hypocholesterolemic and anti-diarrheal properties.
In addition, guava is low in calories and, therefore, it can be a good option to include in the diet for weight loss. In addition, it favors digestion as it is rich in fiber, making it excellent for treating gastrointestinal problems.
The main health benefits of guava are:
1. Improves digestion
Guava is a fruit rich in fiber that stimulates bowel movements, improving digestion. In addition, when ingested with the skin, it helps to fight stomach acidity, making it excellent for the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
2. Treats diarrhea
This fruit has astringent, antispasmodic and antimicrobial properties that help reduce diarrhea, abdominal pain and possible microorganisms responsible for diarrhea. In addition, it can also be used to treat gastroenteritis and childhood dysentery.
The anti-diarrheal properties are due to the high concentration of tannins, and should be avoided by those who have constipation.
Because it is rich in antioxidants, such as lycopene and vitamin C, it helps prevent cell aging, as it prevents damage caused by free radicals, as well as preventing the emergence of some types of cancer, such as prostate cancer, for example. .
In addition, vitamin C can also help to strengthen the body’s immunity, making it more resistant to viruses and bacteria and facilitating the absorption of iron in the diet, helping to prevent or treat anemia when consumed in conjunction with rich foods. in iron.
4. Favors weight loss
Each guava has about 54 calories and can be consumed in a diet to reduce weight as a dessert or snack, as it is also rich in pectin, a type of fiber that promotes the feeling of satiety, naturally reducing hunger.
5. Take care of skin health
Eating guava, especially red or pink, is great for the skin as it contains large amounts of lycopene, an antioxidant that helps maintain healthy skin and prevent premature aging of cells.
6. Lower bad cholesterol
Guava is rich in soluble fibers such as pectin and rich in vitamin C. Soluble fibers facilitate the elimination of cholesterol through the feces, reducing its absorption, decreasing its amount in the blood and favoring its excretion in the bile.
7. Helps regulate blood pressure
Because it is rich in antioxidants, specifically polyphenols, guava helps to lower blood pressure, as it promotes the relaxation of blood vessels and improves vascular function. In addition, it has potassium, a mineral that promotes the excretion of sodium through the urine, also helping to regulate blood pressure.
8. Decrease menstrual cramps
Some studies indicate that the guava extract from its leaves could help reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps, as it has analgesic properties.
Guava nutritional information
The following table shows the nutritional information for every 100 grams of white guava and red guava:
|Components per 100 grams||white guava||red guava|
|Energy||52 calories||54 calories|
|proteins||0.9 g||1.1 g|
|Carbohydrates||12.4 g||13 g|
|Fibers||6.3 g||6.2 g|
|Vitamin A (retinol)||–||38 mcg|
|Vitamin B3||traits||1.20 mg|
|Vitamin C||99.2 mg||80.6 mg|
|Potassium||220 mg||198 mg|
how to consume
Guava can be consumed whole, in juices, smoothies, jams or in the form of ice cream. Furthermore, with the leaves it is also possible to prepare teas. The recommended serving for consumption is 1 unit of about 150 grams per day.
Here’s how to prepare some simple recipes with guava:
1. Guava juice
- 2 guavas;
- 1 tablespoon of mint;
- ½ liter of water
Method of preparation
Skin the guava and blend in a blender with the other ingredients. This juice can be drunk up to 2 times a day.
2. Guava tea
- 15 g of guava leaves;
- ½ liter of boiling water.
Method of preparation
Add the leaves and let it rest for 5 to 10 minutes. Then let it warm, strain and drink 2-3 times a day. This tea can even be used to make a sitz bath, to treat vaginal infections caused by trichomoniasis or thrush, due to its antimicrobial properties.