Asthma cannot be cured, as it is caused by a genetic alteration that, when associated with some environmental factors, can narrow the airways and trigger symptoms such as intense difficulty breathing, coughing and wheezing.
However, there are some medicines and other forms of treatment that help to control the disease, one can live with asthma for many years and have a completely normal life.
Asthma treatment should always be guided by a pulmonologist, as it is important to adapt the type of treatment and remedies used to the symptoms and type of asthma of each person. But typically, treatment includes the use of medications to control asthma over time and other medications to quickly relieve attacks.
Top Remedies to Treat Asthma
Asthma can be controlled with the use of asthma medications, popularly known as ‘asthma pumps’. Medicines for asthma should be prescribed by the pulmonologist after the diagnosis of asthma, which can be done by observing its symptoms and performing respiratory tests that show the lack of air in the lungs.
In addition to the drugs that should be used in an emergency, the doctor must prescribe a drug that should be inhaled daily to control the inflammation present in the bronchi, preventing asthma attacks. These drugs are usually used for life, but they are well tolerated and the newer ones do not alter heart function.
How to live with asthma
Since there is no cure, the person with asthma, in addition to using the drugs indicated by the doctor, must also take some precautions in their daily lives to keep the symptoms more controlled, such as:
1. Avoid situations that worsen asthma
Some environmental factors can trigger an asthma attack, such as perfumes, air fresheners, house dust or pet hairs such as dogs and cats. In some cases, strenuous physical exercise can trigger an asthma attack, in which case exercise should be avoided until the asthma has been properly controlled.
2. Keep the house clean
The asthmatic’s house must always be clean and organized, with few surfaces that can accumulate dust, and this care must be taken, especially in the individual’s bedroom. The house should be cleaned daily with water and a damp cloth, avoiding aromatic candles, incense, air sprays and intensely smelling cleaning products.
You should avoid having indoor rugs, curtains, stuffed animals or thick blankets that cannot be washed weekly. Despite this, there are several practical solutions for having a clean and comfortable house for the asthmatic.
3. Take exams regularly
At least once a year, the person with asthma must see a pulmonologist to assess their respiratory capacity and adjust the dose of medication.
Taking an allergy test is very useful for asthma sufferers because it makes it easier to identify the main precautions that should be taken with the asthmatic. After identifying the allergens, the doctor may indicate the use of “asthma vaccines”, which consists of a treatment to desensitize the person and thus he may no longer have certain allergies, facilitating asthma control.
To improve breathing it is advisable to exercise regularly. However, physical activity should only be started when the disease is well controlled with the use of medication and there is a doctor’s recommendation.
To start, you should opt for walking or cycling because aerobic exercises improve lung function.
It is recommended to use the asthma control medicine before starting physical activity and at the end of the activity. If you feel short of breath during the exercises, decrease the intensity to see if breathing improves or use the ‘asthma pump’ and rest for 5 minutes until breathing is controlled, then return to activity.
5. Have an anti-inflammatory diet
Here’s how food can help relieve asthma symptoms:
Signs of Asthma Improvement
Signs of improvement in asthma appear a few weeks after starting treatment and mainly include a reduction in the frequency of asthma attacks. In addition, it is also possible to assess the effectiveness of the treatment through the use of a small device, called Peak Flow, which checks the value of the respiratory flow, and when it increases, it is because the treatment is taking effect.
Signs of Asthma Worsening
Signs of worsening asthma appear when treatment is not being done properly or if you are exposed to allergens such as dust or animal hair, and include symptoms characteristic of asthma attacks such as difficulty breathing, wheezing, dry cough.