gestation week: 28 weeks
Equivalent to the month: beginning of the 7th month
Equivalent to days: 190 to 196 days of gestation
In the 28th week of gestation, the baby’s development is marked by the rapid growth of the brain, which begins to form folds, allowing the area of contact between neurons to be increased and new connections to form between them. The baby is already more active, recognizes the mother’s voice and reacts to sounds and light, moving more and more in response to these external stimuli.
This is the week that marks the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy and a woman may experience symptoms such as itchy or stretchy belly, or difficulty sleeping due to the size of her growing belly.
By the 28th week of pregnancy, the baby’s brain is growing rapidly, the brain cells multiply more and more and folds are formed in the brain that serve to increase the contact area between neurons, and the baby starts to react to pain, to touch, sound and light that passes through the mother’s belly, making her move more.
In this week of pregnancy, the baby already recognizes the mother’s voice and reacts to loud noises and loud music, for example, and the heart starts beating at a faster pace.
The size of the fetus at 28 weeks’ gestation is about 36.1 centimeters from head to toe, and about 25.4 centimeters from head to butt, equivalent to the size of an eggplant.
Changes in a woman’s body
In the 28th week of pregnancy, due to the growth of the uterus, some women may experience itchy stomach or stretch marks. Also, the weight of the uterus, changing the curvature of the body, and loosening the joints to prepare the body for childbirth can cause back pain or pelvic pain.
At this stage of pregnancy, it is also common for a woman to experience insomnia due to the normal hormonal changes in pregnancy and the size of the belly that can make it difficult to find a comfortable sleeping position.
Care during the 28th week
In the 28th week of pregnancy, some precautions are important to help alleviate the discomfort that may arise, such as:
- Itchy belly or stretch marks: applying almond oil on the belly or using a pregnancies recommended by the doctor can help relieve the itching associated with stretched skin and prevent stretch marks;
- Back pain: avoid exerting excessive effort, not carrying weights, not standing for a long time, avoiding crossing your legs when sitting, wearing a maternity belt to support your belly and back, or applying warm compresses to your back. In addition, you should practice physical activities recommended by the doctor such as stretching, yoga or Pilates to strengthen the muscles of the back and pelvis.In addition, you should have a balanced diet including fresh fruits, vegetables and vegetables, rich in nutrients important for the baby’s development, and practice physical activities released by the doctor, such as walking, yoga, Pilates or water aerobics, for example.
At this stage of pregnancy, which corresponds to the beginning of the third trimester, the doctor must request the fetal biophysical profile, which is an exam that allows evaluating the baby’s movements, and the amount of amniotic fluid in the uterus.
In addition, at the 28th week of pregnancy, the doctor may recommend the injection of anti-D immunoglobulin for women with Rh- blood type and Rh+ partner, or who had the first one with Rh+ blood type and the injection was not made during the first pregnancy or up to 3 days after delivery. This injection is intended to prevent the formation of antibodies against the fetal blood, which can cause fetal erythroblastosis.
Your pregnancy by trimester
To make your life easier and you don’t waste time looking, we’ve separated all the information you need for each trimester of pregnancy. What quarter are you in?
- 1st Quarter (from 1st to 13th week)
- 2nd Quarter (14th to 27th week)
- 3rd Quarter (from the 28th to the 41st week)