Treatment for candidiasis can be done with the use of antifungal drugs in the form of pills, vaginal eggs or ointments, prescribed by the doctor according to the site affected by the candidiasis, which can usually occur in the vaginal, intestinal or skin region, for example .
Candidiasis is an infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans that can affect women or men of any age, and it happens due to the overgrowth of this fungus, especially when the immune system is weakened due to illness or the use of medication.
The symptoms of candidiasis vary with the affected region, with the appearance of a whitish discharge in the genital region, formation of white plaques in the mouth or blisters on the skin, for example, being common. Therefore, it is recommended to consult the doctor to identify the type of candidiasis and take the treatment as directed by the doctor.
The main treatments for candidiasis depend on the type of candidiasis and include:
1. Female candidiasis
Treatment for female candidiasis, also called vaginal candidiasis, should be indicated by the gynecologist and usually includes the use of medications such as:
- Vaginal ointments or creams, such as terconazole, tioconazole or nystatin, used on the outside of the vagina or inside the vaginal canal, once a day, preferably at night, using the applicator provided in the package;
- Vaginal eggs, such as miconazole, isoconazole or terconazole, which must be introduced into the vagina with a finger or with the help of an applicator, once a day, preferably at night.
- Tablets such as fluconazole 150 mg or ketoconazole 200 to 400 mg, taken orally in a single dose.
The treatment time for female candidiasis can vary from 1 to 14 days depending on the type of medicine used, and should always be done under the guidance of the doctor.
2. Male candidiasis
Treatment for male candidiasis should be done under the urologist’s guidance and includes the use of antifungals such as clotrimazole, nystatin or miconazole, in the form of ointments or creams, used on the glans and foreskin 2 to 3 times a day for up to 3 weeks, even if symptoms have disappeared.
In addition, the use of fluconazole tablet in a single dose may also be indicated by the physician.
3. Candidiasis in pregnancy
Treatment for candidiasis in pregnancy should be indicated by the obstetrician, and the use of clotrimazole in vaginal eggs or tablets may be indicated. You should avoid applying this medication with the applicator, so as not to compromise the cervix.
Candidiasis in pregnancy is very common because a woman’s immune system is weakened, which facilitates the development of fungi. Treatment should be given before delivery to reduce the risk of infecting the baby during normal delivery.
4. Intestinal candidiasis
The treatment of intestinal candidiasis is usually done with the use of fluconazole 150 mg taken as a tablet orally in a single dose, and should always be indicated by the gastroenterologist.
In addition, you can use food supplements or probiotics containing lactobacillus or Saccharomyces boulardii to prevent the growth and proliferation of the candidiasis fungus, in addition to strengthening the immune system.
5. Recurrent candidiasis
In cases of recurrent candidiasis, also called recurrent candidiasis or chronic candidiasis, the cause that may be at the origin of this problem must be identified, which may be related to the use of antibiotics or contraceptives, weakened immune system, presence of other diseases , improper nutrition or use of synthetic or very tight clothing, for example.
Thus, depending on the cause, the prevention of recurrent candidiasis can be done by changing the lifestyle and diet, using probiotics, especially when it is necessary to take an antibiotic, strengthening the immune system and, in some cases, prophylactic treatment with an oral antifungal.
6. Thrush in the mouth
The treatment of candidiasis in the mouth, or oral candidiasis, should be indicated by the gastroenterologist and includes the use of antifungal agents such as nystatin in the form of an oral solution, which should be rinsed and kept in the mouth for as long as possible before swallowing, or use of fluconazole as a single dose tablet for the most severe cases.
Also, during treatment it is important to maintain mouth hygiene, brushing your teeth at least 3 times a day.
Home Treatment Options
The home treatment for candidiasis can be done with natural yogurt, which helps to balance the pH of the vagina, preventing the proliferation of the fungi responsible for vaginal candidiasis.
To make this home treatment, you can dip a tampon into natural yoghurt and introduce it into the vagina, leaving it to work for at least 3 hours. Men can also make use of this treatment by placing yogurt on the head of the penis.
Watch the video with nutritionist Tatiana Zanin with other home treatment options to cure candidiasis faster and how to prevent it from coming back:
care during treatment
Some precautions in treating candidiasis include:
- Have good body hygiene, keeping the intimate region very dry;
- Not having intimate contact without a condom;
- Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing;
- Avoid unnecessary use of medication, especially antibiotics;
- Drink plenty of fluids;
- Give preference to vegetables, legumes and fruit;
- Avoid consumption of alcohol, sugar and fatty foods.
This care helps to treat and prevent the onset of candidiasis and can be used by men and women of any age.
signs of improvement
Signs of improvement in genital candidiasis include less itching, redness and swelling, as well as the disappearance of white discharge. On the other hand, the signs of improvement in intestinal candidiasis are, essentially, the regulation of intestinal transit and the reduction of tiredness and weakness.
signs of worsening
If the infection is getting worse, signs of worsening may appear, such as nausea and vomiting, severe abdominal pain, fever with chills or loss of appetite for long periods. If the patient shows signs of worsening of candidiasis, he should go to the hospital to start the appropriate treatment.