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Depression or sadness: how to differentiate

Sadness and depression are two very different situations. While sadness is a normal and fleeting feeling generated by situations such as disappointment, unpleasant memories or the end of a relationship, depression is a disease that affects mood, generating deep sadness that persists for a long time and that is disproportionate and may not have a justifiable reason for it to happen. In addition, depression can be accompanied by physical symptoms, such as decreased attention, weight loss and difficulty sleeping, for example.

These differences can be subtle, and even difficult to perceive, for this reason it is recommended that, if the sadness persists for more than 14 days, a more detailed medical evaluation is carried out, which can help to identify if there is depression and to guide a treatment , which may include the use of antidepressants and psychotherapy sessions.

Main differences between sadness and depression

Despite having similar symptoms, depression and sadness have some differences:

Sadness Depression
There is a justifiable reason, and the person knows why he is sad, which can be a disappointment or a personal failure, for example There is no cause to justify the symptoms, and it is common for people not to know the reason for the sadness and to think that everything is always bad.

In severe cases or those that do not improve, or after the third episode of depression, one should consider using the medication for a lifetime, without further complications due to prolonged use.

However, it is necessary to take into account that to improve the person’s quality of life, it is not enough to just take anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs, it is important to be accompanied by a psychologist. The sessions can be held once a week until the person is completely cured of the depression. Exercising, finding new activities and looking for new motivations are important guidelines that help you get out of depression.

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