Dermatosis: what it is, main types and treatments


“Dermatosis” is a set of skin diseases, characterized by persistent allergic manifestations, whose symptoms in general are blistering, itching, inflammation and peeling of the skin.

The most suitable doctor to diagnose and treat dermatoses is the dermatologist, who will be able to identify the cause of the change by observing the skin and evaluating the person’s clinical history, however, the immunoallergologist can also be consulted. It is usually not necessary to carry out specific tests and treatment usually includes the use of oral medication or in the form of an ointment.

To reduce the occurrence of crises, it is necessary to identify and avoid the agents that cause irritation, moisturize the skin frequently, avoid excessive sweating, bathe with warm water, reduce stress situations, wear cotton gloves for housework and avoid wearing clothes. of synthetic fabrics.

Main types of dermatosis

The most common types of dermatosis are:

1. Dermatosis papulosa nigra

Dermatosis papulosa nigra is characterized by the appearance of small dark brown or black spots, mainly on the face and neck, without causing pain or other symptoms. The appearance of these spots can occur in anyone but is more common in black people. Learn more about this skin condition.

How the treatment is done: Aesthetic treatments such as chemical cauterization, cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen or electrocoagulation can be used.

2. Occupational dermatosis

Occupational dermatosis is one that is caused directly or indirectly by everything that is used in the professional activity or exists in the work environment, which can be caused by heat, cold, radiation, vibration, laser, microwave or electricity, for example. . Some examples of occupational dermatoses are skin burns, allergies, wounds, ulcers, Raynaud’s phenomenon and dermatitis caused by contact with cement, for example. See more about occupational dermatosis.

How the treatment is done: It varies depending on the type of lesions that appear, but it must be indicated by the dermatologist and may include the adequacy of the material needed to protect the worker or leave the work place.

3. Gray Dermatosis

Gray dermatosis is a skin disease of unknown cause, which is not influenced by climatic, racial, food or work-related factors. It is characterized by the appearance of lesions that appear on the skin, gray in color with a thin, reddish border, sometimes slightly raised.

The lesions appear suddenly, in outbreaks, without previous symptoms and sometimes accompanied by itching. Usually, this type of acne leaves permanent stains on the skin and there is still no effective cure.

4. Bullous Dermatosis

In bullous dermatosis, superficial blisters form on the skin that break easily, leaving the region as a thin scale and forming a crust.

How the treatment is done: It is done with medication such as prednisone, but it may also be necessary to take immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclophosphamide.

5. Juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis

Juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis is a type of allergy that usually appears on the soles of the feet, especially on the heels and big toes of the toes, and is characterized by redness, excess keratin production and cracked skin with a shiny appearance.

Symptoms of juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis worsen in winter, and the deep cracks can cause pain and bleed from time to time. The main cause is the use of damp shoes and socks or excessive contact with water.

How the treatment is done: The doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid ointment such as Cetocort and Betnovate, as well as a moisturizing lotion to keep the skin properly hydrated.

Are Dermatosis and Dermatitis the Same Thing?

Both dermatitis and dermatosis are skin changes that must be evaluated by the doctor and the main difference between them is that dermatitis occurs when there are signs of inflammation in the skin, while in dermatosis there are no inflammatory signs.

Some examples of dermatosis are Psoriasis, Eczema, Acne and Urticaria, and dermatitis are contact dermatitis that are changes that arise from the skin due to contact with substances that can cause allergy such as nickel, plastic and chemicals present in some cleaning products.

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