Glimepiride is a medicine indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, characterized by the body’s resistance to insulin and increased blood sugar levels, as this medicine works by stimulating the release of insulin by the pancreas, stabilizing blood sugar levels .
This remedy can be found in pharmacies or drugstores in the form of tablets in doses of 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, 4 mg or 6 mg, with the trade name Amaryl, with similar names Betes or Glicopyrida, for example, or in generic form such as glimepiride, and should be used with medical advice and indication.
Glimepiride can also be found associated with another substance, metformin, indicated to improve insulin sensitivity and cellular glucose absorption, enhancing the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
what is it for
Glimepiride is indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-insulin dependent, when blood sugar levels are not adequately controlled with diet, exercise or weight loss.
For better effectiveness against diabetes, it is necessary to combine the use of glimepiride with a balanced diet and physical exercise. Know how to eat in diabetes.
How to take
Glimepiride should be taken orally, with half a glass of water, without breaking or chewing the tablet, at the times established by the doctor.
Generally, the recommended starting dose of glimepiride for adults is 1 mg per day. This dose can be increased by the doctor to up to 6 mg a day, gradually, at intervals of 1 to 2 weeks, according to the results of the blood glucose test.
Possible side effects
The most common side effects that may occur during treatment with glimepiride are headache, dizziness, tiredness or nausea.
In addition, glimepiride can greatly reduce the amount of sugar in the blood and cause hypoglycemia which can be seen through symptoms such as tremor, weakness, cold sweat, pale skin, blurred vision, heart palpitation, chest pain, anxiety, mental confusion, difficulty speaking, drowsiness.
Hypoglycemia can almost always be controlled with immediate intake of sugar or glucose. However, when severe hypoglycemia occurs, which can lead to symptoms such as seizures, fainting, or even coma, medical help should be sought immediately or the nearest emergency room if the person has these symptoms. See how first aid for hypoglycemia is done.
who should not use
Glimepiride should not be used by pregnant or nursing women, by people in a coma, or who have conditions that cause blood glucose fluctuations such as trauma, surgery, febrile infections, or severe burns.
In addition, the use of glimepiride should not be used in cases of heart, liver or kidney disease, or by people who are deficient in the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD).