To eliminate a burn scar, there are several treatment options, ranging from creams to plastic surgery, depending on the location, size, degree of burn and the time that has passed since the burn occurred.
However, it is not always possible to remove the entire scar and, therefore, in some situations it may only be possible to minimize it. For this reason, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist to assess the characteristics of the scar and guide the best treatment.
Faced with a burn scar, it is important to take some special care with the affected skin, to prevent the scar from getting worse. These precautions include avoiding frequent exposure to the sun, using moisturizing cream every day and drinking plenty of water, for example.
The most used treatments to treat the scar from each degree of burn include:
|type of burn||Indicated treatment||How is the treatment done|
|1st degree burn||Corticoid ointments or andiroba oil||They are ointments that must be applied daily to the skin to hydrate the tissues and reduce inflammation, disguising the scar. See some examples at: Burn Ointment.|
|2nd degree burn||Pulsed light laser therapy (LIP)||It uses a type of pulsed light that removes excess scar tissue, disguising the color difference and reducing relief. At least 5 LIP sessions should be done at 1 month intervals.|
|3rd degree burn||Plastic surgery||It removes the affected layers of skin, replacing them with skin grafts that can be taken from other parts of the body, such as the thighs or belly.|
In addition to these treatments, it is also recommended to eat foods rich in collagen, such as gelatin or chicken, and vitamin C, such as orange, kiwi fruit or strawberries, as they stimulate collagen production, improving the skin’s appearance and elasticity. See more examples of Foods Rich in Collagen.
Once the burn is healed, it is important to start some daily care that helps the skin to heal correctly, preventing the formation of keloid scars, and preventing the appearance of dark marks on the skin, such as:
- Apply moisturizing cream twice a day in the scar;
- Massage the scar site, at least once a day, to activate local circulation, helping to properly distribute collagen in the skin;
- Avoid exposing the burn scar to the sun and apply sunscreen every 2 hours on the scar site;
- Drink 2 liters of water a day, to hydrate the skin, facilitating healing.
There are also some home remedies and creams that can be used at home to disguise the burn scar. Here are some examples of home remedies for burns.