HomeHealthHealthPsychosomatic diseases: what they are, how to identify and treat them

Psychosomatic diseases: what they are, how to identify and treat them

Psychosomatic illnesses are illnesses caused by emotional changes that cause physical symptoms such as pain, shortness of breath, a racing heart, tremors or diarrhea, for example. Usually, the symptoms that result from psychosomatic illnesses are not explained by any other illness or physical and / or organic disorder. Therefore, a person who has a psychosomatic illness can make several consultations and consult with several doctors without ever being able to identify a cause.

This situation can also be called “somatization disorder”, and is more common in anxious and depressed people. Treatment usually includes psychotherapy, in addition to follow-up with the psychiatrist, who may recommend medications, such as antidepressants and anxiolytics, to help relieve symptoms.

Chest pain can be caused by anxiety

List of most common psychosomatic illnesses

Each person can physically manifest their emotional changes in different organs. The main examples are:

  1. Stomach: pain and burning in the stomach, feeling sick, worsening gastritis and gastric ulcers;
  2. Intestine: diarrhea, constipation;
  3. Throat: feeling of a lump in the throat, constant easier irritations in the throat and tonsils;
  4. Lungs: sensations of shortness of breath and suffocation, which can simulate lung or heart disease;
  5. Muscles and joints: muscle tension, contractures and pain;
  6. Heart and circulation: feeling of pain in the chest, which can even be mistaken for a heart attack, in addition to palpitations, onset or worsening of high blood pressure;
  7. Kidneys and bladder: feeling of pain or difficulty urinating, which can mimic urological diseases;
  8. Skin: itching, burning or tingling;
  9. Intimate region: worsening impotence and decreased sexual desire, difficulty getting pregnant and changes in the menstrual cycle;
  10. Nervous system: headache attacks, migraines, changes in vision, balance, sensitivity (numbness, tingling) and motor skills, which can simulate neurological diseases.

People who have a psychosomatic illness can suffer for many months or years until the cause is discovered.

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