HomeHealthHealthRhinitis: what it is, symptoms, causes, types and treatment

Rhinitis: what it is, symptoms, causes, types and treatment

Rhinitis is inflammation of the nasal mucosa that generates symptoms such as frequent runny nose, coughing, sneezing, headache and red eyes, tearing and itching, for example. Rhinitis is, in most cases, the result of an allergy to dust, mite or fur, but it can also happen as a consequence of the use of nasal decongestants, for example, resulting in drug-induced rhinitis.

The treatment of rhinitis must be guided by the physician and may vary according to its cause, with the use of anti-allergic medications, cleaning and cleaning of the environment and immunotherapy, in cases where treatment with medications is not enough.

rhinitis symptoms

The main symptom of rhinitis is a runny nose (runny nose), in addition to frequent sneezing and red, watery eyes. Other symptoms that may arise and be indicative of rhinitis are:

  • Persistent dry cough;
  • Burning sensation in eyes, nose and mouth;
  • Vomiting, in case of excessive coughing;
  • Dark circles;
  • Sore throat;
  • Headache;
  • Swollen eyes;
  • Decreased hearing and smell.

Rhinitis can favor the appearance of other diseases, such as otitis and conjunctivitis, due to the accumulation of secretions in the airways and compromised functioning of the immune system.

Possible causes

Rhinitis can be caused by allergy to dust, mites, flaking of animal skin, pollen from trees or flowers, pollution or smoke. Furthermore, it can happen as a result of a viral or bacterial infection in the airways.

How is the diagnosis of rhinitis made?

For the diagnosis of rhinitis, it is recommended that the person consult an allergist or general practitioner to assess the symptoms and their frequency. Your doctor may want you to have a blood test to see if the amount of IgE is high and an allergy test to be able to identify what the person is allergic to. See how allergy testing is done.

This diagnosis can be made from the age of 5 years onwards, as the results may be incorrect before this age group. Therefore, if there is a suspicion that the child has allergic rhinitis, what should be done is to try to identify the one the child is allergic to and, therefore, it is recommended that parents keep the house very clean, free from dust, use hypoallergenic washing powder and fabric softener, and the child’s bedding and clothing should be cotton. In the bedroom, you should avoid stuffed animals, rugs and curtains.

What is the difference between rhinitis, sinusitis and rhinosinusitis?

Rhinitis is inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which usually occurs in allergy, and manifests itself with frequent sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes and a burning sensation in the eyes, nose and mouth.

Sinusitis, on the other hand, is inflammation of the nasal sinuses and is more associated with bacterial infections. Furthermore, the most characteristic symptoms of sinusitis are pain and a feeling of heaviness in the head, usually due to the accumulation of secretions. Rhinosinusitis corresponds to inflammation of the nasal mucosa and sinuses and has the same symptoms as sinusitis. Learn more about how to identify and treat sinusitis.

types of rhinitis

Rhinitis can be classified into some types according to the cause, the main ones being:

1. Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is the most common form of rhinitis and its main symptom is a runny nose. The secretion is little and transparent, but constant or frequent and its treatment consists of keeping the individual away from what he has allergies and, in some cases, the doctor may recommend the use of anti-allergic medicine, such as Loratadine, for example. However, the individual should not use this remedy in an exaggerated way to avoid its side effects and to avoid liver damage in the long term and, therefore, it is very important that the cause of the allergy is found so that it is eliminated and the individual no longer present the symptoms of rhinitis.

If symptoms of allergic rhinitis last for more than 3 months, it can be said that allergic rhinitis has progressed to chronic rhinitis. Check out symptoms and treatment for chronic rhinitis.

2. Vasomotor rhinitis

Vasomotor rhinitis is inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by changes in the individual’s own nose, not being caused by allergy. In this type of rhinitis, the person has a runny nose, but allergy tests are always negative.

In this case, the excess of nasal secretion is caused by the excessive dilation of the blood and lymphatic vessels present in the internal part of the nose and, sometimes, its best treatment is surgery. Understand what vasomotor rhinitis is and how to treat it.

3. Drug rhinitis

It happens when the person self-medicates, that is, decides to use medication without proper medical advice. This is the case with the use of nasal decongestant, which is used by many people but which can cause irritation to the nasal mucosa when it is used frequently.

rhinitis treatment

Treatment for rhinitis will depend on the cause, and it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions. If the rhinitis is caused by an allergy, what can be done is to keep the person away from what gives them allergy, keep the nose always very clean using nasal washes, and on the most critical days use an allergy medicine. Know how to do the nasal wash correctly.

Another form of treatment for rhinitis is the vaccine against the allergy that the person has, which is called desensitizing immunotherapy, but this is only recommended when the medications have no effect. Usually, the doctor recommends the use of some medications, such as steroids and antihistamines, such as fenergan, sinutab, claritin and adnax. There are also some home remedies that can be used to treat rhinitis. Find out how the home treatment for rhinitis is done.

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