Treatment for gastritis should be guided by the doctor, and the use of drugs to inhibit or neutralize the acid produced in the stomach may be indicated, such as omeprazole, pantoprazole, aluminum hydroxide and calcium carbonate, for example. In addition, in some cases, the use of antibiotics to fight the bacteria may also be indicated. H. pylori, which is normally present in cases of gastritis.
In addition to the remedies indicated by the doctor, it is also important to pay attention to food, being recommended to give preference to foods that are easily digested and that do not stimulate the production of acid in the stomach.
Some home remedies also have properties capable of alleviating the symptoms of gastritis due to the decrease in stomach acidity, such as potato juice and mastic tea, and should be used as a complement to the treatment indicated by the doctor.
Medicines for gastritis should be indicated by the doctor and aim to reduce and/or neutralize the acidity of the stomach, which helps to alleviate the discomfort caused by gastritis. Thus, the use of:
- Acid Production Inhibitors, such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole, cimetidine and nizatidine;
- Antacids, which neutralize acid produced in the stomach, such as aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate;
- antibiotics, especially in cases where infection by H. pylori, such as clarithromycin combined with amoxicillin or metronidazole.
It is essential that the use of medicines is done as directed by the doctor, because the prolonged use of inhibitors of acid production, for example, can increase the risk of developing a tumor in the stomach. Furthermore, in the case of antibiotics, if the treatment is interrupted, it is possible that the bacteria will develop again and lead to the appearance of gastritis symptoms again. See more details on gastritis remedies.
Food is a fundamental part of the treatment of gastritis, and it is important to include foods that are easily digested and that avoid the excessive production of acid in the stomach, which helps to prevent and alleviate symptoms of gastritis. Thus, some food guidelines for gastritis are:
- Eat small portions at a time, every 3 hours;
- Drink liquids only between meals;
- Give preference to cooked and grilled foods;
- Avoid condiments, sauces and flavor enhancers such as sazon and others;
- Avoid any and all types of alcoholic beverages, carbonated or industrialized, including industrialized juices;
- Avoid raw and difficult to digest foods such as red meat;
- Avoid coffee, chocolate, black tea, as well as acidic fruits like lemon, orange or pineapple.
It is recommended that food be guided by a nutritionist, as this way it is possible to draw up a food plan according to nutritional needs and the symptoms to be addressed. Learn about diet for gastritis.
3. Home remedies
Home remedies for gastritis are intended to complement the treatment indicated by the doctor and relieve symptoms, as they are able to reduce stomach acidity, promoting symptom relief. In addition, some home remedies improve digestion, favor gastric emptying and combat Helicobacter pylori.
Some options for home remedies for gastritis are potato juice, aroeira tea, banana and pear juice and espinheira santa tea. Discover other home remedies for gastritis.
Signs of improvement and worsening
Signs of improvement in gastritis can be noticed during treatment and include less pain and easier digestion of food. Generally, nervous gastritis also improves when the patient is calmer.
On the other hand, signs of worsening appear when the individual does not follow the treatment correctly, consumes alcoholic beverages or eats acidic or fatty foods and include increased pain, heartburn, bloated stomach, nausea and vomiting.
Complications of gastritis
Complications of gastritis are more frequent to happen in people who do not perform the proper treatment, which increases the risk of developing a gastric ulcer, which if not properly treated can increase the risk of stomach cancer. However, by carrying out the treatment according to medical advice, a cure for gastritis can be achieved.