Skin mycosis is a type of disease caused by the presence of fungi on the skin, which generates itching, redness and flaking and can reach any region of the body, being more frequent in summer, because heat and sweat favor the multiplication of fungi that inhabit the skin, causing infection.
There are several types of skin mycoses, which can be classified depending on the affected area and the fungus that is at its origin.
1. Nail ringworm
Also known as onychomycosis, it is an infection that leaves the nail yellowish, deformed and thick, and can be transmitted to areas around the nail or to other nails, being more frequent in the toenails.
How to treat: Nail mycosis can be treated with remedies in tablets prescribed by the dermatologist, such as Fluconazole or Itraconazole, or by passing an ointment or enamel to nail mycosis, such as Loceryl, Mycolamine or Fungirox, for example. Another option is the use of laser, which eliminates the fungus from mycosis through the infrared rays emitted by it.
Treatment for nail mycosis is time consuming because the fungus is only completely eliminated when the nail grows. Therefore, treatment usually takes about 6 months for mycosis of the fingernails and 12 months for mycosis of the toenails.
Candidiasis is an infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans manifested in the mouth, in the female or male genitals.
Vaginal candidiasis is a very common infection in women due to the increased population of this fungus, which is usually present in the flora of the woman’s intimate region, but which develops when the immune system is weakened, in cases of diabetes, when there are bad hygiene habits or after treatment with some antibiotics or corticosteroids.
Oral candidiasis is an infection that mainly affects babies, due to its still poorly developed immunity, or in adults with weakened immune systems due to flu, chronic diseases or HIV, for example.
How to treat: Treatment for oral candidiasis can be done at home with the application of antifungals in the form of gel, liquid or mouthwash, such as Nystatin, for 5 to 7 days, however, in the most severe cases, treatment can be done with oral antifungal remedies, such as Fluconazole, as directed by the doctor.
In the case of candidiasis in the genitals, it is possible to use oral or local ointments and tablets such as fluconazole, clotrimazole or ketoconazole.
3. Pityriasis versicolor
Also known as white cloth or beach mycosis, it is a type of mycosis caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur, that produces a substance that prevents the skin from producing melanin when exposed to the sun.
How to treat: Treatment for beach mycosis is done with the use of remedies such as Fluconazole, or antifungals applied on site, such as creams, ointments, lotions or sprays, depending on the degree of skin impairment. If ringworm returns soon after treatment, you should go to the dermatologist for specific treatment.
4. Athlete’s foot
Also known for had pedis or frieira, this is a type of skin mycosis caused by fungi Trichophyton, Microsporum Or Epidermophyton, which mainly affects regions in the sole and between the toes.
How to treat: Treatment usually consists of the application of antifungal creams or ointments, however, in some cases, symptoms may not only improve with the use of this type of creams and therefore it may be necessary for the doctor to prescribe antifungal tablets of Itraconazole, Fluconazole or Terbinafina, for about 3 months.
5. Ringworm in the groin
Also called had crural, this ringworm is caused by the fungus Tinea cruris, being more frequent in obese people, athletes or people who wear clothes too tight, due to the creation of a warm and humid environment, favorable to their development.
How to treat: Treatment usually consists of the application of antifungal creams or ointments such as clotrimazole or econazole.
6. Had the scalp
Also known as Tinea capitis, this is a mycosis that can be caused by different fungi, and can cause hair loss, psoriasis of the scalp, atopic dermatitis, alopecia areata, among others.
How to treat: Treatment consists of the use of shampoos or lotions with tar or salicylic acid or propionate-based clobetasol, and may be associated with an antifungal, such as ketoconazole.
This mycosis, also known as had corporis, can develop in any region of the body, and is characterized by a red rash with lighter skin in the middle.
How to treat: In most cases, treatment is done with the application of antifungal creams and ointments such as clotrimazole, ketoconazole, isoconazole or terbinafine, however, if symptoms do not improve only with the use of this type of creams, it should be done to the doctor, to prescribe antifungal tablets such as fluconazole or terbinafine for example.
During the treatment of a mycosis, some home remedies can also be used to relieve symptoms more quickly.
Home treatments for skin mycosis
Ringworm can also be treated or attenuated with the use of home remedies such as passing a garlic clove with chlorhexidine on your nails or soaking your feet in a bowl with peppermint tea.
Other home remedies for candidiasis in women are the seat baths with baking soda and the use of natural yogurt in the vagina. They decrease the acidity of the vagina, halting the growth of fungi that prefer a more acidic environment to develop. These home remedies can also be used by men.
Fungi are the main causes of mycoses on the skin, however, for the disease to develop, it is necessary to meet other conditions, such as depression of the immune system, a hot and humid environment and, in addition, in most cases there is necessary to have contagion.
The infection may appear more often after taking antibiotics, because the bacteria present in the skin subside, allowing the fungi to proliferate. In addition, walking barefoot in public places such as beaches, swimming pools and toilets, having poor blood circulation, presenting nail injuries, having unprotected sex, taking excessive showers, sweating a lot, wearing tight clothes and attending places too humid and hot, increases the risk of developing ringworm.