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what is seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin problem that mostly affects the scalp and oily areas of the skin such as the sides of the nose, ears, beard, eyelids and chest, causing redness, blemishes and peeling.

This condition can go away without treatment, however, in some cases it may be necessary to use specific shampoos and antifungals to treat the problem.

what are the symptoms

The signs and symptoms that usually appear in people with seborrheic dermatitis are:

  • Appearance of dandruff on the scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache;
  • Yellowish or whitish crusted patches on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest;
  • Redness;
  • Itching in the affected regions.

These symptoms can get worse under stressful situations or due to exposure to cold, dry environments.

Possible causes

It is not known for sure what causes seborrheic dermatitis, but it appears to be related to the fungus. Malassezia, which may be present in the skin’s oily secretion and with an irregular immune system response.

In addition, there are factors that can increase the risk of developing this condition, such as neurological diseases such as depression or Parkinson’s, weakened immune system, such as in cases of organ transplants or people with HIV or cancer, stress and taking some medications.

How is the treatment done

In some cases, seborrheic dermatitis may not be cured and may appear several times throughout life, however an adequate treatment can control the symptoms for some time.

To treat seborrheic dermatitis, the doctor may recommend the application of creams, shampoos or ointments that have corticoids in their composition, which will help control inflammation, such as Betnovate capillary or Diprosalic solution, for example. These products must be used very carefully and the number of treatment days suggested by the doctor should never be exceeded.

As a complement, depending on the affected region and the severity of the symptoms, the doctor may also recommend products with an antifungal composition, such as Nizoral or other shampoos that contain ketoconazole or ciclopirox.

If treatment does not work or if symptoms return, you may need to take antifungal pills. See more about the treatment.

In addition, for the treatment to be more successful, it is very important to always keep the hair and scalp very clean and dry, remove the shampoo and conditioner well after a shower, do not use very hot water, reduce alcohol intake and fatty foods and avoid stressful situations.

home treatment

A good home remedy to treat seborrheic dermatitis is Melaleuca oil, also known as tea tree, with antibacterial, healing and antifungal properties, which can be applied directly to the affected regions, preferably diluted in another vegetable oil, to avoid reactions in the skin.

In addition, aloe vera is also a good option to eliminate dandruff, as it contains enzymes that eliminate dead cells, and can be used in a cream or gel, or the plant can be applied directly to the skin.

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