Aortic atheromatosis, also known as atheromatous atheromatous disease of the aorta, occurs when there is accumulation of fat and calcium in the wall of the aorta artery, interfering in blood and oxygen flow to the body. This is because the aorta artery is the main blood vessel of the body, being responsible for ensuring the arrival of blood to various organs and tissues.
Thus, as a consequence of the deposition of fat and other elements in the aorta, there is an obstruction and difficulty for the passage of blood, increasing the risk of clotformation and the person having a heart attack or stroke, for example.
This disease occurs mainly in men over 50 years and women after menopause, and treatment varies according to the severity of atheromatosis, and the cardiologist may indicate surgery to clear the artery and restore blood flow to the body.
Symptoms of aortic atheromatosis
Atheromatosis of the aorta is a slow and progressive process that usually does not lead to the appearance of signs or symptoms, being discovered only during routine blood and imaging tests. However, when the artery is quite obstructed, some symptoms may arise, such as:
- Chest pain;
- Difficulty in breathing;
- Mental confusion;
- Change in rhythm and heart rate.
It is important that the person consults the cardiologist as soon as he/she begins to present symptoms of aortic atheromatosis, especially if he/she is in the risk group for the development of the disease. Thus, the doctor may indicate blood tests, electrocardiogram, ultrasound, Doppler examination and arteriography so that the diagnosis is made and treatment can be started next.
Who has the most risk
The risk factors that favor the development of atheromatosis of the aorta are the same as those related to atherosclerosis. Thus, people who have a history in the family, who have high blood pressure, cholesterol or triglycerides, diabetes, are over 50 years old and do not practice physical activity, are more at risk of developing atheromatosis of the aorta.
It is important to remember that usually this disease begins to develop in young adults and gets worse over time and, although it is more frequent in adults, it can also arise in children with a family history of high cholesterol and overweight.
How treatment is done
Treatment for aortic atheromatosis should be indicated by the cardiologist according to the general health condition of the person and degree of impaired blood flow. Thus, the doctor may indicate the use of medications that help control cholesterol and pressure, in addition to changing eating habits. In addition, in case the person is overweight, weight loss may be indicated in order to prevent the risk of complications such as thrombosis and infarction.
In the most severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the fat plaques from the artery or bridge the saphenous, improving blood circulation and promoting a person’s health.