South Sudan is one country that receives billions from international donors with the United States topping the list. The youngest nation in Africa has a lot of complex issues that are affecting its growth negatively.
The US top Africa Diplomat has urged the warring parties to iron out their differences and serve their people. Tibor Nagy, US assistant of State for African affairs told the South Sudan leaders that the international community is tired of offering services that are meant to be offered by the South Sudan leaders.
South Sudan gained its independence 8 years ago from Sudan, but conflicts from warring parties have rendered the country destitute and hopeless. The conflicts between the leaders have led to over 300,000 deaths, with hundreds of families being displaced as they seek refuge.
Conflicts between President Kiir followers and those of Machar, the former South Sudan People’s Liberation army have become a stumbling block to peace and development of the young nation.
Riek Machar was the former vice president of President Kiir. They fell out in 2013 when President Kiir accused Machar of organizing a coup to overthrow him.
In 2016, fighting erupted between the two warring factions which led to the signing of a peace agreement in September 2018. The two parties agreed to form a unity government which has not been implemented to date.
The demands by the elites of both camps are crippling the peace process. Forming a unity government may be a pipe dream if both camps do not honour the already made agreements.
The main conflicts are as a result of resource controls, power struggles and political disagreements.
These perpetual conflicts have resulted in the poor economic state of South Sudan. It has destabilized growth and development of the country and rendered its people hopeless. Trade between South Sudan and its neighbours has also sunk to low levels.
South Sudan has been enjoying a lot of donor funding from the US and other countries with most of it being channelled through South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (SSHRP). These funds are mainly used for fighting malnutrition, medication and provision of other basic needs.Now the donors are tired of assisting this country.
A statement from the White House in May 2018 read as follows “that while the United States remained committed to saving lives, we must also ensure our assistance does not contribute to or prolong the conflict, or facilitate predatory or corrupt behaviour”.