What is liberalism? You can define liberalism as modern freedom. It is where countries have free and fair elections, and there is the rule of law. It is based on the ideas of equality and liberty. We have freedom of speech, media, religion, civil rights and gender equality etc.
Liberalism became distinct in the early years where it was commonly used by philosophers and economists in the western world. John Locke is often described as the founding father of liberalism. He argued that each person has a right to life, liberty and property, which are mandatory rights under the social contract.
Liberalism has a close relation to democracy but not completely similar. Under democracy, the government derives its authority from the popular election, but with liberalism, it is concerned with the activities of the government. For example, is the government ensuring that it is protecting the rights of people.
Liberalism aims to limit the power that would result in inequality Liberalism hit the world significantly in the year 1975. Most powerful countries, such as the U.S have adopted liberalism. Other rich and powerful countries have extensive social welfare. But countries such as China are experiencing challenges with liberalism.
The reason as to why China is facing these challenges is because their system is a combination of authoritarian government and economic liberalism. Other great accomplishments with liberalism are that it is also recognized internationally. As a result, the United Nations was born as a result of liberalism.
But critics have been against it claiming that international liberalism would result in loss of national sovereignty. Liberalism is a dominant ideology of modern times, and ever since it was acknowledged, it has spread all over the world.