Archeologists have carried out excavation a couple of times in Ethiopia before they made this profound discovery. A stone pendant was found in this archeological site and on it was the word venerable.
The cross found on the left of the pendant is very crucial as it carries significant information of the Christian iconography.
Meanwhile, research shows that a kingdom called Aksum inhabited Beta Samati, the ancient town in sub-Saharan Africa since AD 650 all the way for 1400 years. The latest discoveries reveal one of the ancient churches as from the fourth century uncovering the origin of Christianity in Ethiopia.
The leaders of Aksum kingdom migrated from the place and set their capital elsewhere. Hence the archeologists thought that these ‘inhabitants of old’ isolated the kingdom. In the olden days Aksum emerged as one of the most powerful kingdoms conquering the region around and growing its financial stability through trade with the roman empire. During the fourth century, the kingdom had converted to Christianity.
Ethiopia : A Crucial Archeological Site in Africa
Moreover, the researchers further investigated a hill near Edaga Rabu village and found a vast layer of mound that had accumulated over a long duration of time. Michael Harrower, who is an archeology professor in a research published on Wednesday in the journal Antiquity said that, Edaga Rabu was an important place but they didn’t know why. This discovery has rendered Ethiopia a very crucial archeological site in Africa.
As far as the Ethiopian history is concerned, the inhabiting of people in this town as early as 750 BC till the time of the Aksumites remains a key point henceforth.
According to Michael Harrower, the empire of Aksum was the most influential ancient civilisation. However, it will remain one of the least widely known.
The archeologists also discovered the remains of a huge building. The enormous basilica remains had an inscription in Geez (ancient Ethiopia) on its wall. They suggest that the inscription read: Christ (be) favorable to us. Christians used the building while undertaking activities of worship.
This site was Aksum kingdom’s first construction after conversion of the empire to Christianity; by King Ezana in the middle of the fourth century.
The basilica dates from the fourth century. Hence making it one of the earliest churches in the town. Scholars generate these dates by radiocarbon and archeological data.