HomeNewsAfricaIt is possible to fall into an active volcano and survive

    It is possible to fall into an active volcano and survive

    Ol Doinyo Lengai, the “Mountain of God in Maasai dialect, active volcano in northern Tanzania

    There is no doubt possible, the strangest volcano in the world is in Tanzania. It’s called Ol Doinyo Lengai, which means “Mountain of God” in the Maasai language. When it erupts, its lava is so cold that it is possible to fall inside and survive.

    The lava of the Mountain of God does not exceed 510°C, an unusual temperature, well below the basalt minimum (1000°C), one of the most common types on the planet. It is in fact so cold that it’s almost black, as the heat emitted is not enough to make it reddish.

    In 2007, during an expedition, a Maasai citizen fell into a volcano crater with this type of lava. According to IFLScience, the citizen managed to climb to the exit, despite one of his arms and both legs being seriously burned, and he was hospitalized.

    Yours viscosity is also incredibly weird. Due to the lack of silica molecular chains that form the lava structures, this flows like water, ending up creating species of winding rivers and descends the slopes very easily.

    Most of the lava from volcanoes flows behind a flat plateau at a speed that rarely exceeds 10 km/h, which means it’s not that difficult to just get out of the way the lava flows.

    But in the case of Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano, the viscosity of its lava allows it to easily reach the speed of a human at a running pace. Fortunately, the volcano rarely erupts.

    The type of lava that comes out of this volcano is called carbonatite. Unlike most lavas, which are based on silica and oxygen, this one contains lots of alkaline elements such as sodium and calcium, as well as significant amounts of dissolved carbon dioxide.

    O melting point of these molecular chains is much lower than any other type of silicate-based lava, which is why this lava erupts at a lower temperature than normal.

    This combination means that occasionally fire eruptions with black lava are ejected from the skies, freezing in the middle of the way, and breaking into pieces that end up blowing away in the wind.

    This volcano has existed since the African continent was dividing and the “Mountain of God” rose to fill the space of the division. In fact, there are some places in the world that have volcanoes with lava like this, although a third of these volcanoes exist in the rift of East Africa.

    This volcano didn’t always have this strange lava, but for humanity it’s a good thing that it does. According to Wired magazine, this type of lava contains many rare elements, which are a vital component of today’s electronics.

    Actually, Ol Doinyo Lengai is not threatening, even when it erupts explosively and produces a cloud of ash. The most recent explosion occurred in 2008 and caused no significant problems. The volcano, which is 370,000 years old, is very useful for studies in volcanology and archaeology.

    Many human ancestors, and even some of our evolutionary ancestors, have long passed through this volcano. Whenever it erupts explosively, the ashes that spread across the landscape are trampled by the hominids that walk over it — and their footprints are often preserved for all eternity.

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